1. Political aspects of the Aryan
Edmund Leach, Provost of King’s College, Cambridge, has aptly written:
“Why do serious scholars persist in believing in the Aryan invasions? (…)
Why is this sort of thing attractive? Who finds it attractive?
Why has the development of early Sanskrit come to be so dogmatically associated
with an Aryan invasion? (…) The details of this theory fit in with this
racist framework (…) The origin myth of British colonial imperialism helped
the elite administrators in the Indian Civil Service to see themselves
as bringing ‘pure’ civilization to a country in which civilization of the
most sophisticated (but ‘morally corrupt’) kind was already nearly 6,000
years old. Here I will only remark that the hold of this myth on
the British middle-class imagination is so strong that even today, 44
years after the death of Hitler and 43 years after the creation of an independent
India and independent Pakistan the Aryan invasions of the second millennium
BC are still treated as if they were an established fact of history”.145
the unquestioning belief in the Aryan invasion is giving way to a debate.
However, many bonafide scholars hesitate to participate in that debate
because they correctly sense that all kinds of political strings are attached
to the different positions. The present paper has mapped a few of
these political influences.
on the Aryan Invasion Theory is not logically affected by the political
motives of its participants, though these motives are sometimes palpable
through the rhetoric used. Mapping these motives as a matter of history
of ideas (and not as a way to decide the AIT question itself by means of
political association) allows us to point out the following: on the pro-AIT
side, justification of European colonialism, illustration of the racist
worldview, delegitimation of Hinduism as India’s native religion by missionaries
of foreign religions, Indian Marxist attempts to delegitimize Indian nationalism,
and several separatisms in India seeking to bolster the case against Indian
unity; and on the anti-AIT side, Indian nationalism seeking to make India’s
civilisational unity more robust, and to score a point against the aforementioned
Leach in E. Ohnuki-Tierney, ed.: Culture through Time, Anthropological
Approaches, Stanford 1990, p.242-243, quoted by Dilip K. Chakrabarti in
his review of Asko Parpola: Deciphering the Indus Script, Cambridge University
Press 1994, in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, November 1995, p.428-430.
Leach was among the first to recognize that the word rice, from Tamil-derived
Greek oryza, ultimately stems from Sanskrit vrihi, and not some other way
around. The etymology of vrihi as allegedly Dravidian was always
a showpiece of the Dravidian substratum theory, hence of the AIT.
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